Structuring written work. Grammar, vocabulary and spelling

Structuring written work. Grammar, vocabulary and spelling

Some assignments have a format that is standard such as for instance lab reports or case studies, and these will normally be explained in your course materials. For other assignments, you shall have to come up with your own personal structure.

Your structure may be guided by:

  • the assignment question. For instance, it may list topics or use wording such as ‘compare and contrast’.
  • the niche matter itself, that might suggest a structure predicated on chronology, process or location, for instance
  • your interpretation of this matter that is subject. For example, problem/solution, argument/counter-argument or sub-topics in an effort of importance
  • the structure of other texts you’ve read in your discipline. Have a look at the way the given info is organised and sequenced. Make certain you modify the structure to match your purpose in order to prevent plagiarism.

Essays are an extremely common type of academic writing. Like the majority of of this texts you write at university, all essays have a similar basic three-part structure: introduction, main body and conclusion. However, the body that is main be structured in several ways.

To write a essay that is good

Reports generally have a similar structure that is basic essays, with an introduction, body and conclusion. However, the body that is main can vary widely, due to the fact term ‘report’ can be used for a lot of forms of texts and purposes in numerous disciplines.

Find out whenever possible about what sort of report is expected.

Simple tips to plan your structure

There are many approaches to come up with a structure for your work. It, try some of the strategies below if you’re not sure how to approach.

During and after reading your sources, take notes and commence thinking about how to structure the basic ideas and facts into groups. For example:

  • try to find similarities, differences, patterns, themes or other methods for grouping and dividing the ideas under headings, such as advantages, disadvantages, causes, effects, problems, solutions or kinds of theory
  • use coloured highlighters or symbols to tag themes or kinds of information in your readings or notes
  • cut and paste notes in a document
  • physically group your readings or notes into piles.

It’s a good idea to brainstorm a few different ways of structuring your assignment once you have a rough concept of the primary issues. Do this in outline form before you start writing – it is much easier to re-structure a plan than a half-finished essay. As an example:

  • draw some tree diagrams, mind-maps or flowcharts showing which ideas, facts and references will be included under each heading
  • discard ideas that don’t fit into your purpose that is overall facts or references which are not useful for what you need to talk about
  • for those who have a lot of information, such as for a thesis or dissertation, create some tables to show how each theory or relates that are reading each heading (this is called a ‘synthesis grid’)
  • Plan the true wide range of paragraphs you will need, this issue at risk of each one, and dot points for every single piece of information and reference needed
  • try a couple of different possible structures until you will find one that is most effective.

Eventually, you’ll have an idea this is certainly detailed enough for you to start writing. You’ll know which ideas go into each section and, ideally, each paragraph. You will also know where to find evidence for all those basic ideas in your notes as well as the sources of that evidence.

If you’re having difficulties with the process of planning the dwelling of your assignment, consider trying a different strategy for grouping and organising your data.

Making the structure clear

Your writing is buy essays online supposed to be clear and logical to see it fits together if it’s easy to see the structure and how. It is possible to accomplish this in lot of ways.

  • Utilize the final end for the introduction to exhibit the reader what structure to anticipate.
  • Use headings and sub-headings to mark the sections clearly (if these are acceptable for your discipline and assignment type).
  • Use topic sentences at the beginning of each paragraph, to exhibit the reader what the main idea is, and also to link back once again to the introduction and/or headings and sub-headings.
  • Show the connections between sentences. The start of each sentence should link back into the key concept of the paragraph or a previous sentence.
  • Use conjunctions and words that are linking show the dwelling of relationships between ideas. Samples of conjunctions include: however, similarly, in contrast, with this reason, because of this and moreover.


All of the types of texts you write for university must have an introduction. Its purpose would be to clearly tell your reader the topic, purpose and structure for the paper.

An introduction might be between 10 and 20 percent of the length of the whole paper and has three main parts as a rough guide.

  • It starts with the most information that is general such as for instance background and/or definitions.
  • The middle is the core associated with the introduction, in which you show the overall topic, purpose, your point of view, hypotheses and/or research questions (according to what sort of paper it really is).
  • It ends with the most specific information, describing the scope and structure of your paper.

If the main body of the paper follows a template that is predictable for instance the method, results and discussion stages of a written report within the sciences, you generally don’t need certainly to include a guide into the structure in your introduction.

You should write your introduction after you know both your current point of view (when it is a persuasive paper) therefore the whole structure of one’s paper. Alternatively, you need to revise the introduction when you yourself have completed the body that is main.


Most writing that is academic structured into paragraphs. It really is beneficial to think of each paragraph as a mini essay with a structure that is three-part

  • topic sentence (also referred to as introductory sentence)
  • body of this paragraph
  • concluding sentence.

The sentence that is topic a general overview of the topic additionally the intent behind the paragraph. With respect to the period of the paragraph, this can be one or more sentence. The sentence that is topic the question ‘What’s the paragraph about?’.

The human body associated with paragraph elaborates entirely on this issue sentence by giving definitions, classifications, explanations, contrasts, examples and evidence, as an example.

The final sentence in lots of, not all, paragraphs may be the concluding sentence. It will not present new information, but often either summarises or comments regarding the paragraph content. It may also provide a link, by showing how the paragraph links to your topic sentence of this next paragraph. The concluding sentence often answers the question ‘So what?’, by explaining how this paragraph relates returning to the topic that is main.

You don’t have to write all of your paragraphs applying this structure. As an example, there are paragraphs with no topic sentence, or even the topic is mentioned close to the end of the paragraph. However, this is certainly a clear and structure that is common makes it easy for your reader to follow.


The final outcome is closely pertaining to the introduction and is often described as its ‘mirror image’. Which means that if the introduction begins with general information and ends with specific information, the conclusion moves in the direction that is opposite.

In conclusion usually:

  • begins by briefly summarising the main scope or structure associated with paper
  • confirms this issue which was given in the introduction. This might take the type of the aims regarding the paper, a thesis statement (point of view) or a extensive research question/hypothesis as well as its answer/outcome.
  • ends with a more general statement about how this topic relates to its context. This could make the type of an assessment regarding the significance of this issue, implications for future research or a recommendation about theory or practice.

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